14 Apr 2001 Legislation to Federalize Immigration in the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands Amounts to Economic Sanctions on a U.S. Possession, Says Group
Legislation providing for a federal takeover of the immigration authority of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (CNMI), a U.S. possession near Guam, is designed to shut down the Islands’ garment industry and should be understood as such, says The National Center for Public Policy Research.
The legislation has been proposed by Senator Frank Murkowski (R-AK), Chairman of the Senate Energy and Commerce Committee, where the bill is under consideration.
Under the 1976 U.S.-CNMI agreement, known as the Covenant, under which the CNMI voluntarily joined the United States, the U.S. government agreed that local immigration policies would remain under the jurisdiction of the CNMI government. The Murkowski legislation would unilaterally alter the contract.
Immigrants to the CNMI do not have the right to immigrate to the U.S. mainland, so mainland immigration is unaffected by the legislation.
Because of free market reforms first begun 25 years ago, the CNMI is enjoying an economic boom so robust, thousands of guest workers are needed to fill vacant jobs.
A recent GAO report says phasing out guest workers on the CNMI would devastate the CNMI economy. According to analyst Peter Ferrara, writing in the March 21 Washington Times, this report echoes an earlier internal Interior Department report’s conclusion that if immigration on the islands were federalized and guest workers phased out, "the economy of the Marianas would be severely damaged, and the standard of living of the U.S. citizens residing there would suffer tremendously. Major existing industries could virtually collapse, leaving few sources of export earnings. The economy would be sent into a catastrophic contraction."
Economic prosperity made possible by both the free market reforms and the guest workers provides revenues funding 87 percent of the CNMI government’s budget. This, says Ferrara, is not only higher than any other U.S. territory, some of which are mostly financed with federal funds, but also higher than that of any U.S. mainland state or local government.
The median household income in the CNMI has soared from $8,900 in 1980 to $30,700 in 1999, adds Ferrara.
CNMI working conditions and immigration procedures have all been investigated by federal agencies, including OSHA, the Customs Service and GAO, and have received passing grades. OSHA administrator Frank Strasheim says of the CNMI’s working conditions: "They’re well on their way to becoming a model for the rest of the world."
U.S. mainland-based garment manufacturers have long called for an end to the CNMI’s right to employ guest workers, arguing that lower wage rates in the Far East Pacific region make it harder for mainland-based garment firms to compete with the CNMI. Garments manufactured in the CNMI account for one half of 1 percent of U.S. garment sales.
The Murkowski legislation essentially would impose economic sanctions on a small U.S. possession and U.S. citizens, says The National Center for Public Policy Research, simply because of its free market success.