Affirmative Action Employment Laws, courtesy of Looksmart, with links to several websites
From the 105th Congress: “The Civil Rights Act of 1997” – “A bill to provide for equal protection of the law and to prohibit discrimination and preferential treatment on the basis of race, color, national origin, or sex in Federal actions, and for other purposes.” The legislation was not approved by Congress.
Link to text and status of House version, H.R. 1909 (sponsored by Representative Charles Canady (R-FL).
Link to text and status of Senate version, S. 950 (sponsored by Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY).
Proposition 209 — The California ballot initiative that passed in 1996, to “eliminate state and local government affirmative action programs in the areas of public employment, public education, and public contracting to the extent these programs involve ‘preferential treatment’ based on race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin”
Report by the California Legislative Analyst’s Office on Proposition 209 – the state government explains Proposition 209.
Grutter v. Bollinger (this case pertains to the firing of a white New Jersey teacher)
Piscataway School Board v. Taxman (this case pertains to two New Jersey teachers competing for a position that was awarded to the minority applicant)
University of California Regents v. Bakke — The U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in the landmark 1978 racial preference case involving student admissions
Adarand Construction v. Pena — The U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in the 1995 racial preference case involving the award of government contracts
Hopwood v. State of Texas — Materials relating to a case involving student admissions. With the lower court ruling against racial preferences, the U.S. Supreme Court denied to hear the case — letting the lower court’s position stand.
Brown v. Board of Education — Opinion in the landmark civil rights case of 1954
Disclaimer: This archive is provided to provide information about affirmative action from a variety of perspectives. Inclusion of a link should not be taken as an endorsement of the facts or opinions contained in the linked document by either Project 21’s membership or The National Center for Public Policy Research.